Electrotherapy or electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) comes in many different types and can treat many types of problem. A special type of electrical current is used to stimulate specific muscles with a singular purpose in mind.
Adhesive electrodes are attached to specific muscle groups or individual muscles that are experiencing problems including pain or inflammation. These electrode pads transmit the current which causes the muscles to contract in a rhythmic manner.
The speed and strength of the contractions can be adjusted to treat different conditions. Pain relief and the reduction of inflammation are not the only problems treatable with electrotherapy, as the prevention of muscular atrophy or a reduction in muscle spasms can also be treated.
Electrotherapy is not the same as receiving an electric shock. It can present a slight tingling sensation when the treatment first begins, but the electrical impulses are designed to mimic signals that are sent by your central nervous system.
The electrically controlled muscle contractions will soon be accepted by your body, and the intensity of the treatment can be increased to provide a better result. This is not at all painful but may feel strange to begin with as you are not in control of a muscle group.
Low voltage electrotherapy and interferential electrotherapy treatment can reduce pain, with the latter reducing inflammation. Low voltage electrotherapy can also reduce muscle spasms, as can high volt galvanic electrotherapy.
Russian stimulation promotes the strengthening of muscles, while micro current electrotherapy increases cellular metabolism – this has the effect of enhancing and speeding up healing.
Other types of electrotherapy are available and will be recommended based on the individual issues you are facing.